Posts Tagged ‘training’

Are you going crazy listening to your dog scratching his ears all night long? Have you about had it with your dog licking her paw non-stop? At your wit’s end over your dog biting his own tail?

If you think you’re uncomfortable, imagine how your dog feels.

Compulsive scratching, licking, and chewing behaviors are quite common in dogs and have a variety of causes. They can also be harmful. One of the first signs your dog has a problem might be the development of a “hot spot” — a red, wet, irritated area that arises from persistent chewing or licking. Although hot spots, or “acute moist dermatitis”, can occur anywhere on your dog’s body, they are most often found on the head, chest, or hips. Because dogs often incessantly scratch, lick, or bite at an area once it becomes irritated, hot spots can become large and incredibly sore rather quickly.

Reasons Why Dogs Compulsively Scratch, Lick, or Chew

Dogs scratch, lick, or chew for a wide variety of reasons, ranging from allergies to boredom to parasite infestation:
~Boredom or anxiety
~Dry skin
~Hormonal imbalances
Read more on each category by clicking here

Skin Problems in Dogs Slideshow

Treatment for Your Dog’s Compulsive Scratching, Licking, and Chewing

Because there are so many reasons why dogs chew or scratch, be sure to check with your veterinarian as soon as you notice a problem. The veterinarian will help figure out the cause of the behavior and determine the best treatment plan. Depending on the cause of your dog’s compulsive behavior, this might include:
~Eliminating parasites
~Changing foods
~Using medication
~Preventing the behavior
~Addressing anxiety or boredom
Click here to learn more about these treatments


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In training your dog there are a few major downfalls that you are sure to encounter. Knowing them before you reach this point is very helpful to avoiding stressful situations later. The biggest mistake most people make is also the easiest for new trainers to fall victim to. This is the danger of expecting too much.

Dogs are very intelligent creatures and, by and large, very trainable. Thus when you visit the park with your untrained dog and the person next to you is playing Frisbee with their German Shepherd and the Poodle down the way is sitting patiently rather than attacking picnic goers, it is easy to think your dog should know these behaviors from birth. We often times forget the many hours of training that have been put into these wonderful dogs. Your dog can learn these very same antics but it will take time for these lessons to be instilled. Do not expect your dog to learn all of these routines over night. This would merely set you up for downfall number two.

The second problem people encounter is losing their temper. This usually results in an out of breath owner who is yelling at the top of the vocal capacity, a frightened dog and possibly a visit from the local animal welfare department depending on how the individual vents their frustrations. To avoid this downfall, make a conscious effort never to yell at your pet and hitting is always wrong. Raising your voice to your pet will do little to correct their errant behavior and do much harm to your relationship with the animal. It will result in a nervous animal that cowers from you rather than obeys your commands.

The third thing to avoid falls at the other end of the spectrum. These people let the dog become the master. This is equally detrimental to your relationship with the animal as the animal has no control to its behaviors and can quickly become a danger to itself and others. Dogs are pack animals and quickly decide who the leader is and who follows. If you do not take the leadership role from the beginning, you can rest assured that your pet will. A dog without a master will run amok and will quickly get into trouble chasing cars and people, destroying property and making a nuisance of itself. This mistake is tantamount to animal abuse and is very nearly as bad as the previous one.

Fourth in line of things to avoid is the mistake of giving up. Many a dog owner has a pet that has never reached its full potential due to the owner losing interest in their training. Dogs love to learn, especially when the owner rewards well learned behavior traits. Many owners, lacking the time or perhaps the patience, will be quite happy to have a pet that merely answers to its name and stops barking when repeatedly shouted at. Please do not let yourself fall into this trap. Your pet is a highly intelligent animal and is capable of learning so much more. Occasionally, dogs have even been known to develop neuroses due to boredom from not being challenged enough. This results in an unhealthy animal that can be poorly socialized and destructive of furnishings or even its own body. Your dog can and will respond to your training efforts if given the time to do so.

A fifth point that we keep reiterating (and well we should) is people’s failure to be consistent. If you tell the dog to sit and your pet doesn’t do it, stick with it until they do. Always use the same command words and enforce the same action each and every time. Manually enforce the command if it is necessary to get the desired reaction and reward the animal with some play time or some verbal praise for properly performing the routine. Consistency is the major key to training your pet. Repetitive lessons taught on a regular basis with consistent rewards are necessary to the effective training of your pet.

Knowing these five downfalls ahead of time will save you many frustrations while training your pet and will result in a much a healthier and happier relationship with your pet.

Dog Article courtesy of I-Love-Dogs.com

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HSUS Lies To Congress, Public                
About New ‘PUPS’ Legislation
Would Call Out Feds On Many Non-Breeding Kennels
American Sporting Dog Alliance

WASHINGTON, DC – The Humane Society of the United States is pushing new federal legislation that the radical animal rights group claims is aimed at stopping large dog breeding kennels that skirt the law.
According to HSUS, the legislation targets only kennels that sell more than 50 puppies a year. The bill’s sponsors, Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) and Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA), repeat those claims.
They are lying through their teeth, an American Sporting Dog Alliance analysis of the actual legislation shows. In fact, the legislation targets almost every boarding, day care, training and handling kennel in America, along with many hunt clubs and hunting plantations. It also impacts many serious hobbyists, who have a lot of dogs even though they only raise a couple of litters of puppies a year, our analysis shows
Rep. Farr is the prime sponsor of H.R. 6949, and Sen. Durbin is the sponsor of its companion bill in the Senate, S. 3519. The formal name of this legislation is the “Puppy Uniform Protection Statute,” or “PUPS.” It also has been nicknamed “Baby’s Bill,” after a rescued dog from a commercial kennel that is touring the country with its owner, Chicagoan Jana Kohl. Kohl is on an HSUS-sponsored campaign against “puppy mills,” and has visited several states. Her recent book includes a photo of presidential candidate Barrack Obama, and his reported commitment to clamp down on “puppy mills.”
The legislation is an amendment to the federal Animal Welfare Act, which requires federal licensure of commercial kennels (called “dealers”) who sell puppies wholesale to brokers or pet stores. This law does not regulate people who sell dogs and puppies directly to the consumer.
HSUS calls this a “loophole,” and has been pushing for many years to include kennels that sell directly to the buyer. Previous attempts, such as the Pet Animal Welfare Act and Sen. Durbin’s attempted amendment to the 2008 Farm Bill, have failed.
The PUPS legislation is the latest attempt by HSUS.
Here is how HSUS describes the legislation: “The Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society Legislative Fund commend federal lawmakers for introducing bills that will crack down on abusive “puppy mills” in the United States — where breeding dogs are often stacked in wire cages for years to produce litter after litter. The legislation will close a loophole in the Animal Welfare Act that currently allows large, commercial breeders who sell puppies online and directly to the public to escape licensing and regulation.”
Here is the HSUS description of who will be affected: “All dog breeders who sell more than 50 puppies per year directly to the public will be federally licensed and inspected…The bill will not affect small breeders and hobby breeders who sell fewer than 50 dogs per year directly to the public, but is crafted to cover only the largest commercial breeding facilities.”

Press releases by Sen. Durbin, Rep. Farr and other members of Congress echo those claims.

Here is what the legislation actually says, in sections defining a dealer and who is exempt from licensure as a dealer.

A person or kennel owner who “does not breed or raise more than 50 dogs for use as pets during any one-year period” and who sells dogs or puppies “directly to the public for use as a pet” is exempt from licensure and regulation as a dealer. Any dog is defined by the Act as a pet, regardless of its use or purpose. Thus, a person who meets that definition does not require a federal license.

The words “breed or raise” are an obvious and deliberate attempt to snare many kennel and dog owners in federal regulations, including many kennels that do not breed at all. The language is very ambiguous and could be interpreted to include virtually anyone who has a lot of dogs.

The term “raise” is not defined in the legislation, but is generally interpreted to mean a person who keeps, cares for, houses or owns a dog or dogs.

Most professional trainers and handlers of field trial, show, obedience or performance dogs would have more than 50 dogs in their kennels over the course of a year. In fact, many trainers and handlers who employ helpers would have more than 50 dogs at any given time, and most do not breed at all.

A boarding kennel, dog daycare service, hound hunt club, hunting plantation or circus could be included under a definition that they “raise” more than 50 dogs per year. Even many private field trialers and show dog people would have more than 50 dogs a year in their kennels, as they often keep most of the puppies they produce to evaluate. For field trial dogs, for example, it often takes two or three years of working with a young dog to determine if it is worthy to use for competition or breeding.

A favorite tactic of HSUS is to deliberately use ambiguity in model legislation in order to entrap as many kennels and dogs in the law as possible, going far beyond the stated purpose. If HSUS and its elected cronies had wanted to be honest, the legislation simply would say that it excludes anyone who sells fewer than 50 puppies a year.

It is obvious that truth is not their highest priority.
The HSUS propaganda mill for this legislation continues to attack people who use the Internet to sell dogs or puppies. It attempts to link Internet sales with sick puppies and shoddy “puppy mills.”
In fact, almost all of America’s finest kennels in every breed have a presence on the Internet. Most have websites, and many run online advertisements to sell individual dogs and litters of puppies.
If anything, a good case could be made that it is almost impossible to buy a high quality puppy from a kennel that does not make use of the Internet. The Internet simply is a reality of modern life, and a reported 80-percent of American households use it.
This smear campaign is simply another attempt by HSUS to tar dog breeders with the broadest possible brush. At best, it shows complete ignorance of the real world of dogs. At worst, it shows a vicious attempt to defame honest and conscientious people who raise dogs.
HSUS is not an animal welfare organization. It has nothing to do with local humane societies. Instead, it is a political action and lobbying arm of the radical animal rights movement that continually pushes for tighter restrictions on animal ownership, with each piece of legislation making a step toward its ultimate goal, which is the total elimination of animal ownership in America.
Another section of the legislation requires all dogs kept in federally licensed kennels an hour of exercise a day, divided into at least two separate periods. Dogs would be removed from their primary enclosures and allowed to walk for these exercise periods.
The final section of the legislation specifically allows states to adopt more stringent standards.
While a member of the California Assembly, Farr also authored legislation to severely regulate dog breeding.
Co-sponsors of PUPS in the Senate are Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA], Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO], and Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]. House co-sponsors are Reps. Judy Biggert (IL), Lois Capps (CA), Terry Everett (AL), Barney Frank (MA), Elton Gallegly (CA), Jim Gerlach (PA), Patrick Kennedy (RI), Mark Steven Kirk (IL), Daniel Lipinski (IL), Betty McCollum (MN), Thaddeus McCotter (MI), James McGovern (MA), Dennis Moore (KS), James Moran (VA), Patrick J. Murphy (PA), Jerrold Nadler (NY) and Janice Schakowsky (IL).
The American Sporting Dog Alliance is urging all dog and kennel owners to immediately contact their congressman and senator and ask them to vigorously oppose this legislation.
Here is a link for contact information for senators: http://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm.
Here is a link to contact information for the House of Representatives: http://www.house.gov/house/MemberWWW.shtml.
The American Sporting Dog Alliance represents owners, breeders and professionals who work with breeds of dogs that are used for hunting. We welcome people who work with other breeds, too, as legislative issues affect all of us. We are a grassroots movement working to protect the rights of dog owners, and to assure that the traditional relationships between dogs and humans maintains its rightful place in American society and life.
The American Sporting Dog Alliance also needs your help so that we can continue to work to protect the rights of dog owners. Your membership, participation and support are truly essential to the success of our mission. We are funded solely by the donations of our members, and maintain strict independence.
Please visit us on the web at http://www.americansportingdogalliance.org. Our email is asda@csonline.net. Complete directions to join by mail or online are found at the bottom left of each page.

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Puppies–who doesn’t love the sweet breath and attitude of a wiggly, adorable pup? But, puppies grow up

quick. And to keep them sweet and willing, owners must understand a little bit about the growth and development of

their charges.

The following is a general discussion of critical periods in a dog’s emotional, mental, and physical

development. If a critical learning period is missed, although a dog may be trained, its basic and natural reactions are

permanently affected and its full potential will never be reached. Missing one or all of these periods may cause a

puppy to become emotionally and mentally handicapped in its social interactions with other animals and humans–for


Puppies cannot be taught anything prior to 21 days. They need only to be kept clean, warm, dry, (between 80

and 90 degrees) and allowed to nurse and sleep. These needs are usually met by the dam (mother dog.)

On average, puppies open their eyes somewhere between 11 to 19 days, with 13 days being average.

Puppies cannot hear anything before three weeks of age. Puppies begin to walk unsteadily on the 18




day; some as

early as 12 days. From 21 to 49 days, playing and play fighting begins.

At approximately three weeks of age, puppies begin to go toward sights, sounds, or smells, and their

tendency to “whine” decreases. All their sense organs are now functional. The puppy is no longer dependent on reflex

responses to hunger, cold, and touch. It can see, hear, smell, taste, and feel. They can eliminate independently and

will normally leave their nesting and play area to eliminate. Their memory develops. By three weeks of age, their

brains start to take on adult characteristics. By seven weeks, they have “adult” brains and “mature” brain waves are

first recorded.

At this three week stage, great changes take place mentally and physically to puppies. They find sudden and

unexpected stimulation emotionally startling. Any additional noise, confusion, or rough handling can cause puppies to

become “fear imprinted.” Puppies should not be subjected to excessive stimulation during this period, as they are

having to cope with several newly developed senses at once. What a puppy learns during its third week becomes

fixed and will influence its attitudes toward man, other animals, and its environment, throughout its life.


A critical socialization period begins at three weeks, and lasts to four months of age. A puppy’s basic

character is set during this time. Puppies need to interact with humans and other animals in a variety of places

and situations and need individual attention during this period.

Puppies should not be weaned or adopted before seven weeks of age. Weaning before the seventh week

may cause noisy or nervous behavior for life. Puppies need their litter mates until seven weeks to learn to interact well

with other dogs. Taken before seven weeks, puppies miss critical socialization periods, and may show less interest in

normal dog activities for life.

Puppies adopted after seven weeks may pick fights with other dogs as adults. However, neither adopting a

puppy before seven weeks or after eight weeks will have such a drastic or negative effect that you should never

consider adopting a puppy outside of seven weeks. There are simply too many other factors to be considered when

choosing a puppy for this to be the deciding factor.

At seven weeks, puppies’ brains are fully developed. This is the best time to adopt a puppy. It has had an

opportunity to interact adequately with both its mother and litter mates and time to learn the socialization skills critical

to its future interaction with humans and other animals. If weaning and transfer occur simultaneously, the best time to

adopt is at eight weeks.

Research shows aggression develops in puppies that do not stay with their mother long enough and also in

puppies that remain too long. Puppies taken at the end of the fourth week and given a lot of human attention may

become so socialized to humans they do not care for other dogs. Some identify with humans so strongly that they

express sexual desires toward humans rather than dogs, such dogs can be difficult or impossible to breed.

Positive training and gentle discipline can start at eight weeks. With proper training, puppies can be expected

to obey every command they have been taught. While housebreaking can begin at 8 weeks, do not expect immediate

success. Generally speaking, up to 8 months, a puppy can be expected to “hold” eliminations for one hour per month

of age. In other words, a three month old puppy should only be expected to wait three hours MAXIMUM time between


From 8 to 12 weeks also marks the beginning of another fear imprinting period.

From 12 to 16 weeks, puppies cut teeth and declare their independence. The puppies decide who the “pack

leader” is going to be. It is critical to establish yourself as leader during this period. Nothing helps a puppy learn

appropriate dog behavior towards humans more than simply taking it away from its litter mates and having a pleasant

session of one on one play, training, or work daily.

Although these important critical learning periods occur, one should never interpret this to mean that a dog

cannot be trained after these periods. Dogs can be trained throughout their lives and, if the training is done properly,

dogs enjoy the process. Dogs that have no defined purpose are often bored and boredom can lead to behavior

problems. Training is an important way for your dog to express its energy, intelligence, and instincts.

© Copyright 2001 Responsible Animal Owners of Tennessee, Inc. – Permission granted to copy and distribute in its entirety as is.


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