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Archive for July, 2008

 

 

 

EMOTIONAL, PHYSICAL, AND MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF PUPPIES

Puppies–who doesn’t love the sweet breath and attitude of a wiggly, adorable pup? But, puppies grow up

quick. And to keep them sweet and willing, owners must understand a little bit about the growth and development of

their charges.

The following is a general discussion of critical periods in a dog’s emotional, mental, and physical

development. If a critical learning period is missed, although a dog may be trained, its basic and natural reactions are

permanently affected and its full potential will never be reached. Missing one or all of these periods may cause a

puppy to become emotionally and mentally handicapped in its social interactions with other animals and humans–for

life.

Puppies cannot be taught anything prior to 21 days. They need only to be kept clean, warm, dry, (between 80

and 90 degrees) and allowed to nurse and sleep. These needs are usually met by the dam (mother dog.)

On average, puppies open their eyes somewhere between 11 to 19 days, with 13 days being average.

Puppies cannot hear anything before three weeks of age. Puppies begin to walk unsteadily on the 18

 

 

th

day; some as

early as 12 days. From 21 to 49 days, playing and play fighting begins.

At approximately three weeks of age, puppies begin to go toward sights, sounds, or smells, and their

tendency to “whine” decreases. All their sense organs are now functional. The puppy is no longer dependent on reflex

responses to hunger, cold, and touch. It can see, hear, smell, taste, and feel. They can eliminate independently and

will normally leave their nesting and play area to eliminate. Their memory develops. By three weeks of age, their

brains start to take on adult characteristics. By seven weeks, they have “adult” brains and “mature” brain waves are

first recorded.

At this three week stage, great changes take place mentally and physically to puppies. They find sudden and

unexpected stimulation emotionally startling. Any additional noise, confusion, or rough handling can cause puppies to

become “fear imprinted.” Puppies should not be subjected to excessive stimulation during this period, as they are

having to cope with several newly developed senses at once. What a puppy learns during its third week becomes

fixed and will influence its attitudes toward man, other animals, and its environment, throughout its life.

 

A critical socialization period begins at three weeks, and lasts to four months of age. A puppy’s basic

character is set during this time. Puppies need to interact with humans and other animals in a variety of places

and situations and need individual attention during this period.

Puppies should not be weaned or adopted before seven weeks of age. Weaning before the seventh week

may cause noisy or nervous behavior for life. Puppies need their litter mates until seven weeks to learn to interact well

with other dogs. Taken before seven weeks, puppies miss critical socialization periods, and may show less interest in

normal dog activities for life.

Puppies adopted after seven weeks may pick fights with other dogs as adults. However, neither adopting a

puppy before seven weeks or after eight weeks will have such a drastic or negative effect that you should never

consider adopting a puppy outside of seven weeks. There are simply too many other factors to be considered when

choosing a puppy for this to be the deciding factor.

At seven weeks, puppies’ brains are fully developed. This is the best time to adopt a puppy. It has had an

opportunity to interact adequately with both its mother and litter mates and time to learn the socialization skills critical

to its future interaction with humans and other animals. If weaning and transfer occur simultaneously, the best time to

adopt is at eight weeks.

Research shows aggression develops in puppies that do not stay with their mother long enough and also in

puppies that remain too long. Puppies taken at the end of the fourth week and given a lot of human attention may

become so socialized to humans they do not care for other dogs. Some identify with humans so strongly that they

express sexual desires toward humans rather than dogs, such dogs can be difficult or impossible to breed.

Positive training and gentle discipline can start at eight weeks. With proper training, puppies can be expected

to obey every command they have been taught. While housebreaking can begin at 8 weeks, do not expect immediate

success. Generally speaking, up to 8 months, a puppy can be expected to “hold” eliminations for one hour per month

of age. In other words, a three month old puppy should only be expected to wait three hours MAXIMUM time between

eliminations.

From 8 to 12 weeks also marks the beginning of another fear imprinting period.

From 12 to 16 weeks, puppies cut teeth and declare their independence. The puppies decide who the “pack

leader” is going to be. It is critical to establish yourself as leader during this period. Nothing helps a puppy learn

appropriate dog behavior towards humans more than simply taking it away from its litter mates and having a pleasant

session of one on one play, training, or work daily.

Although these important critical learning periods occur, one should never interpret this to mean that a dog

cannot be trained after these periods. Dogs can be trained throughout their lives and, if the training is done properly,

dogs enjoy the process. Dogs that have no defined purpose are often bored and boredom can lead to behavior

problems. Training is an important way for your dog to express its energy, intelligence, and instincts.

© Copyright 2001 Responsible Animal Owners of Tennessee, Inc. – Permission granted to copy and distribute in its entirety as is.

 

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GARLIC CAN BE DEADLY


It has long been thought that garlic provides many health benefits when fed regularly to our pets. Garlic has been shown to stimulate white blood cells, prevent tumor formation, and decrease blood cholesterol. Vets have proposed garlic as a treatment for allergies, asthma, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, infections, intestinal parasites, and kidney disease. Add to these its effectiveness as a natural flea and parasite repellent and you would naturally be inclined to include it in your pet’s diet. Many manufacturers of raw and other natural diets include garlic in their formulas. Most treats and vitamins contain garlic. You can even buy supplements made of 100% garlic. Until recently, garlic was thought to be an inexpensive, natural, and safe way to fight parasites and improve the health of our pets.

Garlic is part of the onion family (alliaceae) along with leeks and shallots. There is ample research available which indicates onions can be harmful, if not deadly, to our pets. In the last five years, more and more toxicity studies are being conducted on garlic and all seem to indicate that it, too, can pose serious health risks when fed to cats and dogs. A 2003 study on Grape and Raisin Toxicity in Dogs, published in the Australian Veterinary Journal begins, “The list of commonly available human foods toxic to dogs continues to grow. Grapes and raisins can be added to onions, garlic, chocolate, and macadamia nuts as posing dangers when ingested in excessive quantities.” [1] Unfortunately, no one knows what constitutes “excessive quantities.” In an article on Onion and Garlic Toxicity in Dogs and Cats, Jennifer Prince, DVM states: “Garlic and onion are used as flavor enhancers in food. Since the toxic amount is unknown, it is recommended not to add it to your pet’s food. These ingredients can cause Heinz body anemia, resulting in a breakdown of the red blood cells and anemia (hemolitic anemia).” [2] Although the exact toxic dose is not known, studies unanimously agree that foods containing garlic should not be fed to dogs.

I have spoken with owners who have been feeding garlic to their dogs for years with no apparent ill effects. They maintain that, until something better is found to fight fleas, they will continue to feed garlic. Once again, it seems that we are far too willing to subject our pets to potentially dangerous substances in the name of convenience. If someone told you that feeding your dog arsenic would keep him from getting fleas, would you consider doing it? Of course not. The effects of garlic toxicity are not inconsequential. They include vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, tachycardia [irregular heart beat] weakness, liver damage, allergic reactions, asthmatic attacks, contact dermatitis, and gastrointestinal damage. [2,4,5]

There are many forms of garlic—fresh raw, cooked, dried, oil of garlic—all of which pose the same serious risks when fed to dogs and cats. Jennifer Prince DVM states that “The bulbs, bulbets, flowers, and stems of the garlic and onion are all poisonous” and that “both fresh and dried (for use as spices) are equally dangerous.” [2] In a paper titled: Toxin exposures in dogs and cats: Pesticides and Biotoxins, Michael J. Murphy, DVM, PhD, writes: “The active ingredient in oil of onion is allyl propyl disulfide; the active ingredient in oil of garlic is a similar compound called allicin. Garlic may cause contact dermatitis or imitate an asthmatic attack.” [6] A 2001 study on the effect of garlic on the gastrointestinal mucosa compared the effects of several different forms of garlic on the lining of the stomach and intestines. The results of the study showed that the dehydrated boiled garlic powder caused “severe damage” to the lining of the stomach; the dehydrated raw garlic powder caused some reddening, and that the aged garlic extract had no ill effects on the stomach membranes. The study also found that feeding enteric-coated garlic tablets caused “loss of epithelial cells at the top of crypts in the ileum.” [4]

To read the full article by Laura Murphy, click on the link below.

Laura Murphy
Pets By Nature

(http://www.petsbyna ture.com/ Garlic.htm.

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Do Dogs Feel Love?

We feel tremendous love for our dogs, and our dogs sure seem to love us. But is a dog really capable of emotions? Or are we just projecting our feelings onto our dogs?

Scientists avoid the subject because part of what sets humans apart from the animals is our ability to experience feelings. To say that animals actually have feelings, in the same way we do, would change everything – perhaps disrupt our entire position and standing in the animal kingdom.

However, any dog owner knows that dogs love completely and have a greater capacity for love than most people. If one were to describe the main characteristics of a dog, they would have to be:
1. strong affection
2. warm attachment
3. unselfish loyalty and benevolent concern for others

Wait a minute – those are the Merriam-Webster Dictionary definitions of love. Probably why the author of Dogs Never Lie About Love, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson writes, “dogs are love.” So there isn’t a question of whether dogs love, the mystery is how they have such an enormous capacity for it. Dogs who are neglected or abused still show love for their human and wag their tails in hope of a little affection.

Dogs taken from abusive situations hold no grudges toward the human race. A half an ounce of kindness from a new person results in an abundance of affection from the formerly mistreated dog. Humans rarely have the capacity to so completely forgive and love under those circumstances.

Probably the biggest reason the dog has become man’s best friend is because we know that when it comes to love, a dog can always outdo us. The highest form of love, agape love, which is completely unconditional, is something that people often have to work at or grow into. Agape love seems to come naturally between parent and child, but it’s more difficult between husband and wife, and harder still between friends. To love someone regardless of what wrongs they have done you is very difficult for humans.

A dog, however, is born with an endless capacity for agape love, and doesn’t even have to work at it. You can be a complete grouch, ignore your dog, and refuse him your love. When you decide you’re ready to be sociable again, your dog doesn’t pay you back by ignoring you too. He’s just happy you’re there. More amazing still, is that the love that dogs and owners feel for each other lasts a lifetime. This is the ideal love humans strive for, but often fail at.

As Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson so beautifully writes in Dogs Never Lie About Love, “Learning to know somebody intimately is often the beginnings of dislike, sometimes even of contempt. Among humans, love often does not survive a growing acquaintance, but in a dog, love seems to grow with acquaintance, to get stronger, deeper. Even when fully acquainted with all our weaknesses, our treachery, our unkindness, the dog seems to love strongly – and this love is returned by most dog-loving humans. We, too, seem to love our dogs the more we get to know them. The bond grows between us and our dogs.”

This is why we need dogs. They do something for us that rarely a human companion can do. No matter how much you mess up your life, or how much wrong you do, no matter how many mistakes you make or how often you make them, regardless of your looks, income or social standing, your dog never judges you. He always thinks you are wonderful and loves you with all his heart.


It is like the seed put in the soil – the more one sows, the greater the harvest.

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Companion Animal Parasite Council Look for the Parasite Education Event in Your Area
The Companion Animal Parasite Council is taking parasite education on the road to 13 cities from July 22 to August 7. During the Education Road Show, CAPC experts will share the latest information on protecting your pets and family from parasites and zoonotic diseases. Visit www.petsandparasites.org for the complete list of dates and locations for the informative events for pet owners.

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American Sporting Dog Alliance
http://www.americansportingdogalliance.org
asda@csonline.net

SACRAMENTO, CA – Controversial spay/neuter legislation is expected to advance to a vote of the California State Senate shortly after it reconvenes August 4, a spokesman for its sponsor, Rep. Lloyd Levine, told the American Sporting Dog Alliance Tuesday. The Senate adjourned Monday for summer recess without acting on AB 1634.

The legislation would turn everyone into a dog and cat law vigilante, while denying dog owners the right to prove their innocence in a court of law or to an appeal. This bill provides for civil penalties based solely on an accusation by an animal control officer following a complaint from any person, or simply based on the officer’s opinion, and a third offense mandates spaying or neutering a dog or cat that is accused of being in violation of any animal law.

We are urging all California dog owners to personally contact their senator before the Legislature reconvenes August 4. Most senators will be spending much of the summer working out of their district offices, which makes personal contacts much easier for constituents. In addition to personal contacts, we are urging dog owners to send letters opposing AB 1634 to their senator by USPS surface mail. Links to contact information are provided below.

Now is the time to act and also to encourage your friends who own dogs to get involved. It is “do or die” time for California dog owners.

AB 1634 remains in the Senate Appropriations Committee, but Levine Aide Zak Meyer-Krings said that Chairman Tom Torlakson decided to forgo a committee hearing because he doesn’t think there will be a significant cost to the state budget. Hearing are required only if there is a fiscal impact to the state.

The American Sporting Dog Alliance believes there will be a significant cost to the state budget, and also to counties and municipalities in the form of a de facto unfunded mandate. Animal control agencies already are inadequately funded and understaffed, and the expected sharp increase in complaints will require hiring additional officers and support staff. Additionally, spay/neuter mandates have been proven to cause an increase in pet abandonment and higher animal shelter populations.

Waiving the requirement for a committee hearing means that AB 1634 will be sent to the full Senate for a vote shortly after it reconvenes Aug. 4, Meyer-Krings said.

The deadline for passage is midnight Aug. 31, which is when the 2007-2008 legislative session officially ends. All legislation must either be approved by that deadline, or start from scratch in January.

However, Aug. 31 falls on a Sunday, and it is expected that the Legislature will try to end the session on Friday, Aug. 29, although weekend sessions remain a possibility. To be approved this year, the Senate must act in time for the House to concur with amendments prior to the deadline.

AB 1634 was amended Monday to address concerns of animal control agencies about required rabies law reporting of animal shelter statistics, but there were no amendments to address the concerns of dog owners. The amendment strikes out a provision that would have withheld state funds from animal control programs that fail to report shelter statistics to the state.

Meyer-Krings said there might be a few other “tweaks” to the legislation to reflect the concerns of animal control agencies, but he said Levine is not inclined to compromise on the issues that could result in the forced sterilization of thousands of dogs in California. Levine is a strong supporter of universal pet sterilization.

The legislation empowers animal control officers to cite a dog owner for an alleged violation of any law or ordinance related to animals. A similar provision also applies to cats.

A dog owner would not have any way to fight the citation, and an animal control officer essentially would become judge, jury and hangman. Moreover, there would be no appeal. A citation based on the opinion of the animal control officer would carry the weight of a guilty verdict.

Civil penalties would be mandatory for any citation. They are:

· A $50 fine for the first offense.

· A $100 fine for the second offense.

· And Mandatory spaying or neutering for the third offense.

If the owner does not comply, an animal can be confiscated by animal control officers.

The American Sporting Dog Alliance believes that this law will be used by extreme animal rights groups to force the sterilization of thousands of purebred dogs, based on unsubstantiated allegations. We also believe it will be used as a weapon in squabbles between neighbors.

A tactic of some animal liberation groups is to steal dogs from private kennels and turn them loose, often removing collars and license tags, and thus creating an apparent violation of leash and licensing laws. This tactic has focused most intensely on breeds of dogs used for hunting, as these groups oppose both the private ownership of dogs and hunting. Hobby breeders also will be a major target of complaints.

This legislation opens the door to harassment of dog owners if animal rights activists observe anything that they don’t like, such as a dog that is housed in an outdoor kennel.

This issue is intensified because Humane Society officers who investigate animal cruelty allegations also are empowered to enforce this legislation if it becomes law. Many of these enforcement officers work for private agencies that have a strong bias toward the animal rights agenda.

This legislation is a wholesale desecration of every American’s constitutional right of due process under the law. Accusations do not have to be proven. There is no opportunity to defend oneself. There is no appeal. This legislation imposes the legal system of a totalitarian state on every Californian. This legislation is far more oppressive than the legal systems in Communist China or Iran. An accused person would receive more justice from the Taliban than the State of California, if AB 1634 passes into law.

Before contacting senators, it is important to become familiar with the legislation. Many senators have not read the bill for themselves, and are relying upon biased and inaccurate summaries from party leadership. Please study our objections above, and read the bill for yourself: http://info.sen.ca.gov/pub/07-08/bill/asm/ab_1601-1650/ab_1634_bill…. Prepare a short summary of your objections prior to phoning or visiting a senator’s office.

The major issue is to ask for the removal of all sections that allow complaints and citations to lead to civil penalties, without giving the accused person the chance to face a court of law or to appeal. These provisions are a complete perversion of the American system of justice.

This link will give each senator’s mailing address and district office address: http://www.senate.ca.gov/~newsen/senators/senators.htp. You can find your senator from this list, simply by clicking on the correct name. You also can search for the name of your senator by using your address.

The American Sporting Dog Alliance represents owners, hobby breeders and professionals who work with breeds of dogs that are used for hunting. We are a grassroots movement working to protect the rights of dog owners, and to assure that the traditional relationships between dogs and humans maintains its rightful place in American society and life. Please visit us on the web at http://www.americansportingdogalliance.org. Our email is ASDA@csonline.net. Complete directions to join by mail or online are found at the bottom left of each page.

The American Sporting Dog Alliance also needs your help so that we can continue to work to protect the rights of dog owners. Your membership, participation and support are truly essential to the success of our mission. We are funded solely by the donations of our members, and maintain strict independence.

PLEASE CROSS-POST AND FORWARD THIS REPORT TO YOUR FRIENDS

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Started on leash work and the sit and stay command. Very happy go lucky pups that love the kids. Dam is Rebel Queen Kiara Sire Anvils Go Find The Scout (pedigree and photos upon request) Will be good size. UTD on vaccinations and dewormings. Excellent for baths and nail trimmings. Love this litter. ONLY 3 LEFT! Visit our website at www.wendtworthcorgis.com to learn more about how we raise our puppies and to see photos of the dam. Contracts and health guarantees on all of our pups along w/puppy packets, medical records, and Eukenuba packets.

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